4/28/2016 – What's the difference between b brite and one step? Do I need to use both... For instance clean with b brite and rinse, then use one step and let it air dry?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Both products are cleansers (not sanitizers) so there is no need to use them both. They work in slightly different ways to clean nasty stuff like beerstone and deposits left behind. It is important recognize that cleansers are NOT sanitizers however. After cleaning, it is best to use a sanitizer like iodophor or star san to eliminate bacteria . . .
8/8/2013 – can i use PBW to clean my beer lines?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Yes, it is an effective cleaner BUT it must be thoroughly rinsed afterwards. We also have a Beverage Line Cleaner that is effective.Remember also that these products are not sanitizers. I would recommend sanitizing your lines after cleaning.
7/10/2013 – What would be the best cleaner for this kegging system? Thanks for the info.
Response From Homebrew Heaven: I prefer using Iodophor, and iodine based cleaner that takes only about 2 minutes of exposure, is inexpensive, and needs no rinsing if you just let it air dry. Note that this product is a sanitizer, not a cleaner.
2/25/2013 – Does the Idophor solution lose its effectiveness once mixed up? After making up 2.5 gallons for brew day I poured it into secondary glass carboy and was planning on using it to sanitze bottles
Response From Homebrew Heaven: No, it doesn't. It loses effectiveness with exposure to air (oxygen). If mixed up, and capped off in a container it can last a long time indeed. You can tell by the color. It goes from a light yellow/orange to clear when it is no longer effective.
8/27/2012 – I am interested in recommendations for CLEANING a glass (5-gal) carboy. Overall, the carboy is in great shape (no films, build ups etc), it's in good enough condition I would consider it "new". I have SanStar for sanitizing it, but I haven't done an initial cleaning. What should i use? I read about 10:1 bleach cleaning (10 parts water) I've . . .
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Both Super Grunge Remover and One-Step are great for cleaning glass carboys. See links belowI would NOT use bleach for that or any other purpose related to brewing. It's an effective sanitizer, but not that great of a cleaner. 10:1 ratio is also WAY too much bleach. We've smelled/tasted too many beers ruined by the use of bleach. Just . . .
3/5/2012 – SANITATION leading to sanitarium.Do I realy need to use sanitizer in CLEAN bottles that just went through the super hot dishwasher with a tini bit of bleach?dishwasher cool down and bottle same day. Thanks AGAIN guys.Do you like to taste customers beer?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Probably not. Re-sanitizing seems like overkill to me. Just make sure that no soap was used. Soap will kill the head on your beer.Yes, we like to taste customer beers. There are a few times when we are extremely busy, but even then we can usually work it in.
5/17/2010 – what is your phone number?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: We can be reached at (425) 355-8865Our toll free order number is (800) 850-2739
11/21/2009 – I sanitized my 52 bottles today and just realized the bubbling in my secondary carboy fermentor is not less than 3 minutes yet. Do you think I can bottle in a couple of days without re-sanitizing (ughhh...)all of my bottles?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Certainly. Just cover them up, and you should be just fine.
10/19/2009 – Do you recommend dilluting the Iodophor when using the sanitizing injector, or do I use it full strength?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Most definately dilute it!It only takes about 12.5 ppm to do it's job. Looking at it, that is only a slight yellow/orange color in a properly mixed solution. That is 1 tsp in 1.5 gallons of water.
9/14/2009 – Can I reuse the plastic caps on the plastic bottles?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Yes, they can be re-used. Just be sure to sanitize both the bottle AND the caps before refilling. Iodophor works best for that.
9/16/2008 – WILL GRUNGE REMOVER CLEAN AS WELL SANITIZE ?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: It's the other way around...Grunge Remover is a cleaner, but not a sanitizer. We like Grunge Remover for cleaning, and Iodophor for sanitizing.
9/9/2008 – I have about 40 5 gallon carboys that i would like to clean and sanitize. Can i mix the straight a into a large container that has a hose conection to rinse out the bottles?,also will the straight a be good for the red plastic large tubs where you first fermentation takes place, to clean?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Mixing the Straight-A into a large container and using a hose shouldn't be a problem, BUT...that product is a cleanser only, not a sanitizer. If you are fermenting in those carboys we recommend sanitizing thoroughly before doing so. Iodophor is our choice for sanitizing them.Sorry, we have no idea what the "red plastic large tub" is that . . .
7/17/2008 – URGENT!!is this product safe to use to clean 5 gallon bottles of water????
Response From Homebrew Heaven: This product is a sanitizer, not a cleaner. What's the difference?The short version is this: A cleaner removes oils, grease, dirt etc. A sanitizer kills off germs and bacteria.Iodophor is certainly a good sanitizer, and perfectly safe to use on bottles of water. It is widely used in the milk production and soda pop industries. . . .
7/3/2008 – how can you measure 1/10 of an ounce of Iodophor?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Indeed, that is hard to measure, but it is basically one cap full. After mixing with water, if the solution has just a faint yellow-orange color...that is about right.
6/23/2008 – Are you supposed to sanitize the gaskets in bleach water with a hot water rinse? or is there a special way of sanitizing them?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: We like to use Iodophor sanitizer. It is very inexpensive, non-caustic, and very easy to use. We DON'T like bleach as a sanitizer. Here is a link to IodophorWhatever you do, DON'T boil them. A friend of ours did that, and forgot they were on the stove. You guessed it, the pan boiled dry and then caught the gaskets on fire. Smoked up . . .
4/13/2008 – I need something to clean Growler's. Should i use iodophor sanitizer? What kind of brush size would you recommend?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Cleaning and sanitizing are two different things. Iodophor is a great sanitizer, and as long as your growlers are clean (free of soil, oils etc) it will work just fine to sanitize. If the growlers actually require cleaning, we like Super Grunge Remover for that.Our regular bottle brushes should work well for your growlers, if they need . . .
4/11/2008 – I used a properly diluted Iodophor solution to sanitize my (cleaned) bottles prior to bottling but I did not rinse the bottles nor did I allow them to air dry - will this affect the additional fermentation/carbonation process and/or negatively affect the flavor of the beer?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Hard to say, really. As long as there wasn't "pools" of sanitizer in the bottles (and they just had a film of it on the inside) my GUESS is that you won't notice a difference. Not a recvommended procedure however.
3/21/2008 – Would it be just as effective if I used the proper dilution of Iodophor Sanitizer in a spray bottle and applied the spray mist rather than soaked in a bucket dilution?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Yes. I do it all the time. Breweries do it too, for small parts (fittings etc). Every bit as effective. It's exposure time on the surface that counts.
2/6/2008 – I am considering the purchase of a 14.5 gallon cylindroconical fermenter. What is the best way to sanitize these vessels? Currently I employ two 7.5 gallon carboys; I fill one completely up with an Iodophor solution then transfer the solution to the second carboy. Does one completely fill these fermenters to ready them? Will the lid seal . . .
Response From Homebrew Heaven: For stainless steel, it's hard to be Star San. Very effective. Another good alternative is iodophor. Links to these products are shown below.You don't need to completely fill the fermenter to sanitize. The key is exposure time, not volume. Many people simply spray the surfaces for the recommended time, and then rinse.The lid makes . . .
2/5/2008 – Can you use an old Pepsi, Dr. Pepper etc 2 liter bottle and cap for fermenting root beer? By reusing the caps I am concerned about air leakage.
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Yes, you can do it. I am assuming here that by "fermenting" you mean the fermentation that takes place in the bottle, producing carbonation. Just sanitize and screw them on tight. I have never had a problem with leakage, but we have replacement caps available as well.Iodophor is ideal for sanitizing both bottles and caps.
1/26/2008 – I live about an hour (if traffic is good) from the address on your website. Do you have an actual store or is everything here based solely online?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Yes, we have an actual brick-and-mortar store in Everett, WA. People actually walk in and buy stuff!Our address is:Homebrew Heaven9121 Evergreen WayEverett, WA 98204Heck, you can actually call us on the phone, too! It's 425-355-8865. A person will actually answer as long as it's business hours!
7/19/2007 – How long will a batch of 12.5ppm idophor solution continue to be effective for sanitizing? (ie How many times can I re-use it?)Thanks for the AWESOME site!
Response From Homebrew Heaven: If it is kept SEALED (away from air/oxygen) it will be effective for a long time. Don't have any data on that, but certainly for weeks. Maybe months.Thank YOU for visiting!
6/20/2007 – Hi, not a question, a suggestion for your users. I just started brewing beer and found I had several long things I needed to sanitize. Notably I have a beer thief (used for sampling specific gravity) and an auto-siphon and hose assembly. I couldn't find anything deep enough to submerge either of these items even halfway, so I made two containers . . .
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Nice suggestion. I would consider boiling your rinse water to be over-the-top, however. Shouldn't need to be.
5/31/2007 – I was checking about this mead kit, and was wondering if the deluxe beer kit has everything needed for the process.Also, this question is out of place, but I'm not sure how much iodine sanitizer to add per each gallon of water. I've made two batched of beer that have both turned out, but i'm not sure if i'm using too much or too little . . .
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Yes, the Deluxe Brewing Equipment Kit has everything necessary to make mead, BUT mead is traditionally more like a wine. You may want to bottle it in wine bottles, and use a corker and corks for that purpose. I would suggest adding a double lever corker.As far as the iodophor sanitizer, it takes very little to do the job. If there is a . . .
5/5/2007 – Is Iodophor Sanitizer suitable for use in my primary wine carboy?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: On the carboy/fermenter, certainly. A GOOD choice.But not IN the wine!
4/10/2007 – I recently purchased your highly rec. iodophor sanitzer & was wondering which strength you rec. the 12.5ppm or 25ppm. In your product disc, u say 4oz makes 20gal(25ppm) & go on to say 1/10 makes 1gal(12.5ppm). What's best?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: I like to use as little as possible. 12.5 ppm is sufficient to get the job done.
3/28/2007 – Just got my brew kit and wanted to know about what the proper dilution for the idophor and the cleaner included in the kit? Also any tips for what to put both in, I was thinking of buying a gallon garden sprayer to use and plastic bucket for hoses.
Response From Homebrew Heaven: A 4 oz bottle of iodophor makes about 20 gallons of sanitizer. 1/10 of an ounce per gallon is enough to be effective.For the Super Grunge Remover, about 1 tblsp per gallon is sufficient.Most people just use the plastic primary fermenter, and clean/sanitize in there. If you use a sprayer, a small plastic sprayer is sufficient, like . . .
3/12/2007 – I have read that some people simply spray Iodophor onto their carboy's or bucket's surface. Is it really that easy? Do I simply need to make a solution and then spray everything good? I have been filling a bucket and soaking everything up to now and it takes a lot of water and sanitizer.
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Iodophor requires 2 minutes contact time to be effective. It doesn't matter HOW you do it, so spraying can be just as effective, provided the surface(s) stay wetted. Breweries often use spray bottles to sanitize fittings and such. If it's good enough for them, it's good enough for home brewers.It would be difficult or impossible however . . .
1/14/2007 – I need help with using Iodophor iodine for sanitizing. After reading all the Q&A on sanitizing,I am way too anal about sanitizing, but humor me. I have been having problems with a sour taste in my beer since I switched to Iodophor. I make a 15-20 ppm solution with HOT water, let sit for 10-15 min, dump and rince with more HOT water, . . .
Response From Homebrew Heaven: First off, it's unlikely that a sour taste is the result of using iodorphor. It is a VERY effective sanitizer. I would make sure that your siphon hose, bottle filler and such (small diameter stuff where bacteria can hide) is clean and sanitized. No need to get anal about it. You might just REPLACE that siphon tube, too. If there IS a contamination . . .
1/10/2007 – After bottling my first batch of home brew I find myself saying ..."there's got to be a better way to do this!"... With sanitizing the bottles would it work to run them through a cycle in the dish washer? Would the water get hot enough to sanitize them? I found that so much of my time was taken dipping the bottles into the iodine solution . . .
Response From Homebrew Heaven: It's possible to sanitize in a dishwasher, but be careful of residual soap. Often diswasher detergent contains sufectants (to reduce "spotting" on glasses). These detergents will kill the head on your beer. If you use a diswasher, be sure to run it thru again with no soap. My suggestion, however, is to use iodophor but NOT rinse them. . . .
1/4/2007 – if i order a soda extract what else do i need ie:yeast? etc
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Just use the concentrate, some champagne yeast and sugar. As far as equipment, you'll need something to mix it in, and strong bottles and caps. These can be glass, and you can apply caps with a capper, or you can use plastic screw type bottle. Don't forget some sanitizer, too.
11/15/2006 – Do you think it would work if I tried to sanitize my bottles at 200 in my oven for 15 to 20 minutes? Or is this a stupid idea? (after they were cleaned first).
Response From Homebrew Heaven: I have heard of people doing it that way, but I have also heard of problems (contamination, glass breakage etc). I wouldn't do it when using iodophor is so easy and inexpensive.
11/12/2006 – What is the best stuff to use to sanitize Better Bottles and PET bottles? ...I hear that Iodophor is not recommended. Also can the PET beer bottles be cleaned in a dishwasher or are the temps too high for this plastic and will it degrade its longevity?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Iodophor is ideal for PET bottles and Better Bottles. Don't believe everything you hear.Yes, most dishwashers will melt/degrade pet bottles eventually. Besides they usually leave soap residue.
11/8/2006 – AFter using Iodophor Sanitizer, is it necessary to allow the bottles, fermenter, etc. to completely dry? What will happen if it is not?Also what is the best type of water to use in brewing- spring, distilled, tap?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Yes, the iodophor needs to completely air dry, or it will leave some residue. Maybe not detectable, but it will leave some. If you need to use the equipment sooner, go ahead and rinse it.The best type of water to use is the type you LIKE. Traditionally, British type ales use a harder, mineral rich water. Pilsners use a soft water, for . . .
10/29/2006 – I just tasted a brand new batch of beer that I brewed. This beer has a metallic after taste. I have tasted this before on one other batch that I brewed. Any clue as to what it is or what I did wrong? I also had a headache the next morning after drinking one 16 oz bottle of this beer, if that helps you figure this out.
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Without knowing the specifics, it's hard to say, HOWEVER...we frequently hear this from people who use BLEACH to sanitize. The bleach taste is often interpreted as "metallic". Using too strong a solution and/or poor rinsing will do that. It's a poisen, after all, so it should be no surprise that it gives headaches, too.These are the BIG . . .
10/24/2006 – I'm thinking about buying yor deluxe kit and was wondering what you think about using peracid based sanitizer or chlorine based cleaners on your kits? They must be better then iodine based cleaner and sanitizers?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: We have no experience with peracid based sanitizers, but chlorine can leave a nasty taste unless it is rinsed extremely well. It also is not good for the skin.Iodophor is easy and safe to use, leaves no residue, and does a very effective job of sanitizing. We see no reason to change. Most commercial breweries, dairies etc use iodophor . . .
5/20/2006 – When I clean bottles.Do I have to submerse them for 2 minutes or can I just dip them in and swish them around and then put them on the tree?That sounds like what the pump does.
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Lets not confuse cleaning and sanitizing. They are different.If you are referring to sanitizing using iodophor, the important thing is the surface contact time of 2 minutes. That can be done by immersing them, or by immersing them and letting them hang upside down of a bottle tree. That works just as well. Yes, a sanitizer pump does the . . .
2/1/2006 – What is iodine percentage of iodophor?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: The active ingredient is butuxy polypropoxy polyethoxy ethanol-iodine complex, which is 12.54% (ofm total)...that provides 1.6% titratable iodine.
1/31/2006 – Is it ok to clean out a gallon container, add 1.5tsp. iodophor/gallon water , and keep it as a RTU sanitizer? Is an old milk jug ok to use as long as i clean it out?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Sure! Another trick used by home brewers and microbreweries alike is putting some iodophor solution into a plastic spray bottle for quick sanitizing of equipment surfaces.
12/6/2005 – Is it at all necessary to sanitize new equipment such as new primary/secondary fermentation vessels? Or will a quick rinse be good enough?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: I see no need to CLEAN it (after all, it's already clean), but a quick sanitization is a good idea. Just use iodophor, and use it!
10/3/2005 – I am interested in purchasing one of your kegging systems. What do I need in the way of brushes or other equipment to adequately clean and sanitize the system between brews?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: You'll find they don't take much maintainance. We do sell keg brushes, but usually you can just rinse them and run some sanitizer thru them. Iodophor is best, I believe.
8/6/2005 – Do i put all my equipment in the plastic fermenter to sanitize everything?if so wont the iodophor stain the bucket?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Yes, that is a good way to do it. It only takes a very small amount of iodophor to do the job. Very little color in the water. You only need to expose your equipment for 2 miniutes, also. Using it this way, it won't stain your bucket.
8/6/2005 – What is the best way to sanitize all my equipment?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: We like to use a product called Iodophor. It is very effective and inexpensive. Here is a link to it:
5/2/2005 – What is the difference between sanitizing and Cleaning?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: BIG difference. Cleaning is the removal of any grime, oils, residue etc. Sanitizing is the removal of bacteria, molds etc. that can affect your brewing. It is possible to have a surface that is clean, but not sanitized, for instance (and visa versa).
3/10/2005 – How long after sanitizing bottles/carboys with Idophor (and air drying) need I wait until it is safe to put the beer into them?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Once they are dry, they are ready to fill. No need to wait.
3/7/2005 – What are your thoughts on using bleach to sanitize things???
Response From Homebrew Heaven: We don't like it, having tasted too many beers that were ruined by using too much bleach, or by insufficient rinsing. People often bring in a sample of their beer, and ask "what's wrong". I hate telling them it's their sanitizing BLEACH. Ugh. If it's all you HAVE, by all means use it temporarily in VERY VERY small amounts, but Iodophor . . .
3/3/2005 – For my last batch I used my plastic fermentation bucket as my sanitizing container. I used iodophor and I have a question regarding its tendency to stain. Because of my possibly over-hyped concerns with sanitation, I soaked my equipment in the plastic bucket two times before I started brewing, and therefore the iodophor was sitting in my . . .
Response From Homebrew Heaven: It sounds like you were using an "overly strong" concentrate of iodophor, along with an unnecessarily long soak time. It really only takes a SLIGHT amount of color in the solution to do the job. Also 2 minutes exposure is sufficient to sanitize. Used properly, there is no concern with passing that flavor/odor into your beer.Having said . . .
2/28/2005 – Why don't you recommend boiling corks? What is wrong with boiling corks?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: It breaks down the corks uneceearily. If you want to sanitize them, use sulfite or iodophor.
1/23/2005 – Would I need to fill my fermentors to the top with sanitizer/cleaner to soak or can it be sloshed around?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Sloshing around is just fine with Iodophor. All you need is some surface contact for about 2 minutes. On outside surfaces of things like spoons, hydrometers etc, it is common for people to make up a spray bottle, and just mist the surfaces for 2 minutes. Works well too.
12/27/2004 – Is "Iodophor" the same as "Betadyne" (the sanitizer used in hospital operating rooms). It seems that they are both iodine-based cleaners. Would "betadyne" work as well as "iodophor.
Response From Homebrew Heaven: I'm not sure. I have been told that some of the "other" iodine based sanitizers contains things like lanolin, which would NOT be good for beer or wine.
12/12/2004 – Is One-Step, or ANY sanitizers, safe for septic systems?? My local brew supplier hasn't been stocking One Step for a while, and I've been forced to use StarSan.I'm horrified that I'll have a septic problem!!
Response From Homebrew Heaven: I'm not very knowledgable about septic systems, but my guess is that StarSan is a bad choice (phosphric acid!). Your best bet is probably using Iodophor. Iodophor dissipates with oxygen in the air, so after using, you could just let it sit in open air until the color goes away. At that point it is harmless, and can be disposed of.
9/22/2004 – Okay, do you have to be able to perform magic in order to get the inside of a siphon hose dry? I know that if you don't keep your siphon hose clean it is the most likely to develop bacteria. Which in turn can do your body some damage, what my friends and I like to call, "screaming Apache butt piss." I clean my siphon hose exceptionally well . . .
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Well...the only time this hose has to be sanitary is just before you use it. A little moisture, as long as it's clean, shouldn't be an issue. Before use, however, it makes sense to run a little sanitizer thru the tubing so that it is clean AND sanitized. After using, give it a rinse and forget it. Mornings with the wife should be reserved . . .
3/17/2004 – how much sanitizer does a 4 oz. bottle of the iodophor make?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: About 20 gallons.
3/4/2004 – Regarding cleaning bottles: is using a bottle washer a replacement for a bottle brush? We have been rinsing (after inital pour), soaking, scrubbing then sanitizing before bottling. Can we just bottle wash, sanitize then bottle?? Thanks for answering you've got a great supply website.
Response From Homebrew Heaven: It sounds like you do way more than I do. Frankly, I have never had a problem with a bottle that was rinsed after being used, and then sanitized before filling. As long as your bottles don't accumulate a lot of "crud" between uses, I see no reason for all that scrubbing. I'm sure you will find people who disagree with my approach, . . .
1/31/2004 – After I mix the iodophor solution, can I keep it in a container and use it again, or do I need to get rid of it and make a new batch each time I want to use it?By the way, I am really enjoying your website. I found it a long time ago and bookmarked it to look at later and then forgot! I am finally giving it the time it deserves. I keep . . .
Response From Homebrew Heaven: You can re-use it several times, actually. As long as there is some color to it, it is still effective.Thanks for the kind words about our website. We work hard on it, and have fun, as well!
12/1/2003 – Hello,Just getting back into it after a few years off. In any case I find being sanitary the largest pain in the arse during the process. I am so consumed about sanitation it bugs me. So I have the following questions. After sanitizing my equipment, like the funnel, siphon hoses, fermenter etc, how long can they sit in the open air before . . .
Response From Homebrew Heaven: Wow. You ARE consumed about sanitation. I believe you've taken it too far. Making beer is really no different than making soup, and common kitchen practices are usually sufficient for brewing. I have never had an infection, and after working in a brewship for 10 years, I have only "heard" of a few from customers. Yes, things like fermenters . . .
11/19/2003 – After a long hiatus (about 10 years), I am returning to the homebrewing world. Is it a good idea to replace my plastic equipment (fermenters, tubing, etc.) or will a good dose of sanitizer bring it back into safe, usable condition?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: I would keep the fermenters. As long as they are not too crusty, and a good cleaning will restore them. Cleaning is different than sanitizing, of course, so after a thorough cleaning, use something like Iodophor to make sure it has been sanitized as well.Siphon hose is known to harbor bacteria, however, and is inexpensive to replace. I . . .
10/29/2003 – Could you please tell me what type of cleaner and sanitizer are included in the Deluxe Brewing Equipment kit.
Response From Homebrew Heaven: We include a bottle of Iodophor sanitizer, and our Super Grunge Remover for deposits that may build up after some use. Both are very effective, and easy to use.
10/25/2003 – What is the shelf life of the unused sanitizer?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: If you keep it sealed up, probably for many, many years. About the only thing that degrades it is oxygen.
9/24/2003 – My husband wants to make homemade root beer and bottle it for future use, what kind of supplies do we need to start?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: The easy way is to use the concentrate that we sell, some wine yeast and sugar. As far as equipment, you'll need something to mix it in, and strong bottles and caps. These can be glass, and you can apply caps with a capper, or you can use plastic screw type bottle. Don't forget some sanitizer, too.
8/18/2003 – What percentage of idophor is in solution in the B_T_F product?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: It contains 12.54% active ingredient, with a huge chemical name (I'm no chemist!) which provides 1.6% titratable iodine. When properly diluted, it contains MUCH less, however!
7/1/2003 – Is this product meant to be diluted or used full strength? What is the dilution factor? How much product is needed to wash 25 wine bottles and 4 5-gallon carboys?
Response From Homebrew Heaven: It is meant to be diluted! The concentration is 12.5 to 25 parts per MILLION. A 4 oz. bottle makes approx 20 gallons of solution. Normally, this means just make up a solution in a bucket or tub and expose your equipment for 2 minutes. Sink your wine bottles in it. Easy. You can either fill up your carboys or just slosh the iodophor around . . .
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